CHESS – 29 VIDEOS – How to play Chess ? What are rules of game ? Many real games with 2 players. The moves and mistakes are explained.

SUDOKU – 3 VIDEOS – How to play Sudoku ? What are rules of 9 x 9 grid game ? There are different levels : Very Easy, Easy, Medium and Hard. Many real games with 2 players. The moves and mistakes are explained.

TIC TAC TOE – 10 VIDEOS How to play Tic Tac Toe ? What are rules of game ? There are different types : 3 x 3, 4 x 4, 5 x 5, 7 x 7, 8 x 8, 9 x 9, 10 x 19, 11 x 11, 12 x 12. Many real games with 2 players. The moves and mistakes are explained.

CHECKERS – 13 VIDEOS – How to play Checkers ? What are rules of game ? Many real games with 2 players. The moves and mistakes are explained.

QUIZ – 410 VIDEOS ON MANY TOPICS – Animals, Birds, Insects in USA states and Worldwide.

WEB DEVELOPMENT – HTML, JAVA, C, MYSQL, PHP, JAVASCRIPT, PERL PYTHON – 120 VIDEOS – How to program web script for creating Websites ? Good guide for Web developers and Web administrators. There are hundreds of programs with explanation.

Chess, with its intricate origins and development, presents a fascinating historical journey:

  • Early Beginnings in India: Chess traces its lineage to the ancient Indian game of Chaturanga, believed to have been developed around the 6th century AD. This game, played on an 8×8 grid, is the common ancestor of modern chess and several related games.
  • Persian Adaptation – Shatranj: The game reached Persia, evolving into Shatranj. This Persian version kept the core principles of Chaturanga but introduced variations in piece movement and nomenclature.
  • Introduction of the Modern Queen: In Europe, around the 15th century, significant changes to the game occurred, most notably the enhancement of the queen’s powers, making it the most dominant piece on the board.
  • Arabic Influence and Expansion: Chess spread through the Islamic world and into Europe via the Moorish invasion of Spain and the Crusades. Arabs also played a key role in preserving and translating critical chess literature.
  • Etymology of ‘Chess’: The term ‘chess’ derives from the Persian “Shah”, meaning king, and “checkmate” comes from “Shah Mat”, meaning “the King is helpless”.
  • Early Chess Literature: The oldest known chess manual, dating back to the 9th century, was written in Arabic, highlighting the game’s early strategic development.
  • Cultural and Religious Views: Chess has been both revered and condemned across different cultures and religions. Some viewed it as a reflection of military strategy, while others, including some Islamic factions and the Eastern Orthodox Church, occasionally banned it as a form of gambling.
  • Evolution of Chess Pieces: The design and names of chess pieces have varied greatly, influenced by cultural and geographical contexts. For example, the bishop was once represented as an elephant in the Indian version, and the rook as a chariot.
  • Introduction to Western Europe: Chess made its way to Western Europe by the 10th century and had evolved into a form very similar to today’s game by the late 15th century, particularly with changes to the queen’s and bishop’s movements.
  • Chess as a Tool for Social and Political Commentary: In the Middle Ages, chess was often used in sermons and tales to symbolize social hierarchy and moral lessons, reflecting its role in cultural and intellectual discourse.

This journey from an ancient strategy game to a modern intellectual sport reflects chess’s ability to adapt and thrive in diverse cultural landscapes.